Quaid Day 25 December 2020

A journey from Jinnah towards Quaid. After reading this article you would be able to know what was the basic salary of Mr. Jinnah as Quaid.

جناح سے قائد تک

Image for post

Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born on the 25th of December 1876 at Wazir Mansion Karachi and died on the 11th of September 1948. He joined the Muslim League in 1913. After serving as the leader of the All-India Muslim League Muhammad Ali Jinnah founded Pakistan as Quaid e Azam on 14th of August 1947. And after independence becomes the 1st Governor-General until he died in Pakistan. Baba-i-Qaum which is meant to Father of Nation title was given to him.

Quaid’s birthday is a national holiday in Pakistan. Jinnah’s background was wealthy as his father was a merchant. His father moves to Karachi in 1875. Before his departure, he gets married. Then Karachi was enjoying a boom. In 1869 the opening of the Suez Canal meant it was 200 nautical miles closer to Europe for shipping than Bombay. Jinnah had three brothers and three sisters including his younger sister Fatima Jinnah, Jinnah was the 2nd child of his parents. His parents were native Gujarati speakers so, the children also originated to speak Kutchi and English. But Jinnah was not fluent in Gujarati which was his mother-tongue nor in Urdu. Jinnah was fluent in English. He was little known of his siblings except for Fatima.

Jinnah lived with her aunt in Bombay and attend the Gokal Das Tej Primary School, later on, he went to the Cathedral and John Connon School for study. He attended the Sindh Madrasa Tul Islam in Karachi and Christian Missionary Society High School. He has completed his matriculation from Bombay University at the high school.

After his death, many stories were circulated about the early-hood of Muhammad Ali Jinnah that he used to spend his spare time at the police court, he used to listen to reports there and studied his books in the glow of street lights due to the lack of light. The official biographer in 1954, Hector Bolitho wrote down that the young Jinnah to other children of his age discouraged from playing marbles in dust and urging them to rise, keep hands & clothes clean, and play cricket instead.

As barrister Jinnah was trained at Lincoln’s Inn in London. Upon his arrival to British India, at Bombay High Court he enrolled and took an interest in national politics that eventually replaced his legal practice. In the 1st two decades of the 20th century, Jinnah rose to prominence in the Indian National Congress. In the early years of his political career Hindu Muslim unity advocated by Jinnah, between the Congress and the All India Muslim League pact of Lucknow 1916 shaped in which Jinnah had also become prominent. In the All India Home Rule League Jinnah became a key leader and fourteen points were proposed in the constitutional reform plan to safeguard the political rights of Muslims. Jinnah resigned from congress in 1920. In 1940 it was believed by Jinnah that Muslims of the subcontinent should have a separate state to avoid the possible marginalized status they may gain in a Hindu-Muslim State. The Muslim League was led by Jinnah that year, Lahore Resolution was passed and Jinnah demands a separate nation. In the duration of the 2nd World War, the strength is gained by the League while the Congress’s leaders were confined and after the war, the elections were held shortly, most of the seats reserved for Muslims. Ultimately as a single state Muslim League and Congress could not reach a formula for the subcontinent to be united. Primarily all the parties agreed to the independence of predominantly Hindu India and for the majority of Muslims a state of Pakistan.

Jinnah became the first Governor-General of Pakistan after the independence and started working for the establishment of government policies of the newly created nation. Millions of Muslim migrants were aid who had emigrated from India to Pakistan after independence, he personally supervised the establishment of the camps for the refugees.

When Jinnah took the oath as 1st Governor-General of Pakistan what was his salary?

At the time when Muhammad Ali Jinnah took the oath of Pakistan’s first Governor-General according to the official file and papers of salary which is in the guarded by National Archives of Pakistan of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

By official review of that file, it is concluded that as Governor-General the monthly Salary was fixed and the pay bill was presented officially and regularly processed through all the official procedures for approval.

The total of Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s Salary as 1st Governor-General of Pakistan was 10,416 Rupee, 10 Anna, and 8 Pi. From which 6,112 Rupee under Super Income Tax were submitted to Qomi Khazana (Hakumti Khazana) and 4,304 Rupee & 10 Anna became the part of Jinnah. It is the rule that the salary file of all government employees has a signature as a sample at the date taking of charge and, so the sample signatures were also obtained from Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

The Prime Minister’s Pay Bill for April 1948 was returned by the Assistant Accounting Officer of AGPR with the objection that the signature of his sample, which is present in his Pay Bill file, is different from the signature on the Pay Bill.

Therefore, either Muhammad Ali Jinnah should be asked to re-sign the bill, or his military should verify the signatures of the Quaid-e-Azam secretary himself. Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s first pay bill was made from August 1947 to January 1948.

The total amount was 57,795 Rupee & 13 Annas which after deducting income tax and super tax became 34,588 Rupee and 5 Annas. The pay bill file also shows that the tax was paid carefully and meticulously, but the final calculation of their salary shows that the deduction was much higher.

A study of the Pay Bill file also reveals that in those days the rule of law was for everyone, young and old, and there was no compliance with the rule of thumb. As mentioned above, the total salary of the Founder of Pakistan was 10416 Rupee and 10 Anna.

The Eight Paise was causing difficulty in the calculation, so the February 1948 bill specified that the January bill received 10,416, Rupee which was Four Paise more. Has been levied. On page ten of the bill, the Accounts Officer directed that the bill of March 1948 has been passed based on Rupee. The salary, which will be received in March 1949, should be equalized, so the April 1948 bill was made accordingly. This salary was deposited in Lloyds Bank Karachi where account number 1 of the founder of Pakistan was.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store